|3-19-14 Education Issues in the News|
Press of Atlantic City - Science education standards in New Jersey to become more practicalNJ Spotlight - Will School-Funding Formula Survive Christie’s Flouting of Law?...Despite being upheld by top court, weighted system for allotting aid wasn’t even factored into proposed state budget
NJ Spotlight - Will School-Funding Formula Survive Christie’s Flouting of Law?...Despite being upheld by top court, weighted system for allotting aid wasn’t even factored into proposed state budget
Press of Atlantic City - Science education standards in New Jersey to become more practical
Posted: Tuesday, March 11, 2014 11:17 pm
Science education standards in New Jersey to become more practical By DIANE D’AMICO Education Writer The Press of Atlantic City
How students in New Jersey public schools learn science in the future will focus much less on memorizing facts and formulas and more on actually using them to solve problems.
New Jersey’s science education standards, last updated in 2009, are up for renewal this year. New Jersey is one of 26 states that participated in the formation of the national Next Generation Science Standards, or NGSS, and the state Board of Education must now decide whether to adopt those standards or update the state’s current model.
Either way, it will take several years for the standards to make their way into state tests, state officials said.
Several hearings are being held throughout the state, and on Monday, Department of Education officials were at Richard Stockton College in Galloway Township, where a small group of about a dozen educators learned about the proposals.
DOE science coordinator Michael Heinz gave a history of the state science standards, highlighting that the word “know” is being replaced by the word “use.”
“We are asking students to use their knowledge, and this will require a different type of instruction,” he said.
The new standards will also include a specific focus on engineering concepts as part of national effort to promote STEM, or science, technology, engineering and math. The standards target the level of science all students should have to be informed citizens.
“It’s hard to argue about fracking without an understanding of what it is,” Heinz said of the method of extracting natural gas from shale rock.
One of the high school engineering standards is: “Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.”
The NGSS, released in 2013, have not been without criticism. In an effort to get into more depth, some topics were removed from the original proposal. Others, such as climate change and evolution, have become embroiled in political debates.
The Thomas B. Fordham Institute gave the NextGen Standards a grade of C in a review last year but gave New Jersey’s current science standards a D.
The goals of the standards are to graduate high school seniors who can engage in public discussions in an evidence-based way and be critical of scientific information as it is related to their lives. They should want to be lifelong learners and understand that science evolves.
Heinz said the new standards call for students to actively engage in science and engineering practices in a way that connects to their lives. That generated questions about the amount of time allocated in school for sciences, especially at the elementary grades, where annual state tests force a focus on math and language arts.
Heinz said a good science project can reinforce math and language arts skills.
A major concern among teachers was the effect of new standards on state science tests. Meghan Snow, director of the Office of STEM Education, said the NJASK test given in grades four and eight will still be given as a paper-and-pencil test, even after the new PARCC online tests begin next year in language arts and math. She said the science test will not change until the new standards are adopted, and districts will be given time to adapt.
“There are no immediate changes planned for the science assessment,” Snow said.
Contact Diane D’Amico: 609-272-7241 DDamico@pressofac.com
NJ Spotlight - Will School-Funding Formula Survive Christie’s Flouting of Law?
John Mooney | March 19, 2014
Despite being upheld by top court, weighted system for allotting aid wasn’t even factored into proposed state budget
For much of the last four years under Gov. Chris Christie, arguments have raged over how much the state’s school-finance formula, which determines how much money local districts receive from Trenton, has been funded – or underfunded – by the governor.
But Christie’s budget for next year may provide a new point of debate entirely: Will the school-funding formula even survive?
For the first time under his term and since the state Supreme Court endorsed the School Funding Reform Act, Christie and his administration are not even using the formula in determining changes in state education aid next year.
Instead, Christie has proposed that every district receive an additional $20 more per pupil, regardless of where the district may fall under the SFRA. The increase amounts to an average of less than 1 percent overall in state aid.
The move is directly counter to the SFRA, which aimed through a complex mechanism to earmark additional funding to meet the specific needs of students in any given district.
The formula was the product of more than a year of legislative negotiation and brinksmanship, and ultimately was the basis of the state’s high court ruling that the law met constitutional requirements for providing a “thorough and efficient” education to New Jersey’s students as defined and fine-tuned by more than two decades of litigation under the Abbott v. Burke court cases.
A spokesman for the governor said yesterday that the administration’s decision this year to opt for the straight $20 per-student increase does not necessarily mean the funding formula is being abandoned. He pointed out that Christie is hardly the first governor to take a year – or two – off from using the funding formula of the moment.
“I would discourage you from reading more into that point this year than in any other, including previous budget years, when fiscal realities did not allow legislatures and administrations to fully fund a given education formula,” said Kevin Roberts, a Christie spokesman.
Roberts maintained that Christie nonetheless is providing more state aid to districts than any previous administration, a claim made repeatedly by the governor.
“Gov. Christie has shown his commitment to public schools by proposing more education funding in the history of New Jersey for three consecutive years now – a record $9 billion this year,” Roberts said.
Still, the issue is sure to come up in the coming weeks as the Legislature gears up for public hearings on Christie’s proposed $34.4 billion state budget for fiscal 2015.
The single biggest line item is state aid for schools.
Even among the Democratic leadership, state legislators have conceded that there is little leeway in the budget for school funding next year. More than 90 percent of proposed increased spending is to address added costs to cover the state’s pension and health insurance liabilities.
Nevertheless, the chairman of the state Assembly’s budget committee said in an interview last week that abandoning the formula for an across-the-board increase makes no sense.
“That is obviously a problem,” said state Assemblyman Gary Schaer (D-Passaic), who is in his first year as budget chairman. “This is an easy way out (for the administration), and as we have learned, the easy way out is not necessarily the best way out.”
Schaer said the $20 more in aid per student “only continues a philosophy that is flawed to start with.”
He said the funding formula was meant to provide additional resources to school districts with greater needs.
“That was the whole point,” Schaer said, “and we don’t do anyone a good service when we take a broad approach when some districts clearly need more than others.”
Not surprisingly, advocates have also spoken out against not just the underfunding of the formula but Christie’s failure this year to apply it all.
The Education Law Center, the Newark-based organization that has led the Abbott litigation, issued a press release yesterday calling for the Legislature to reject Christie’s education budget altogether.
“In effect, the Governor has abandoned the SFRA,” the ELC said in its release. “This failure leaves educators, parents and legislators without the requisite information on districts' (required) budgets and the gap between the Governor's aid proposal and the level of funding they should be receiving under the SFRA formula's cost, weights, aid amounts and other operative parts.”
What will happen is unclear, given the Legislature’s recent track record.
In each of the past two years, the Democratic leadership has balked at the administration’s attempts to even tweak the SFRA’s budget language, in each case rejecting any changes to the formula.
But the Legislature has nonetheless gone along with the bottom-line aid amounts that the administration has proposed for districts.
This year, a resolution that was passed by the Assembly committee and is pending in the Senate would require the state to at least provide districts information about the aid amounts they are entitled under the funding formula.
Garden State Coalition of Schools